Slaughter, Sheila. Academic capitalism: moving toward market in the sciences, the arts, and professional schools. Address delivered to Survive or Thrive conference (transcript of recording). Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA: Temple University; 1998 Dec 3. Available from: http://astro.temple.edu/~meziani/templetoday/Slaughter.html. Accessed 2012 Jan 3. Archived by WebCite at http://www.webcitation.org/64QTecvhQ.
Slaughter describes a shift in the way corporations are involved in academic research in the USA over the last few decades. Formerly such involvement took place mainly through the military-industrial and medical-industrial complexes, but a tendency toward corporate diversification, combined with changes in the law that make it easier and more profitable for universities to own intellectual property, have led to a more general role for elite universities as an effective substitute for industrial laboratories. In particular, royalty income from patents and copyrights is not taxed as long as it is plowed back into the university. Slaughter argues that these changes are detrimental to academic freedom, both because they leave universities beholden to corporations, and because they favor elite universities and scientific and engineering disciplines, and disfavor undergraduate education and humanities and social science disciplines—a bias with ideological implications.
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