(Fingarette 1988) Heavy drinking: the myth of alcoholism as a disease

Fingarette, Herbert. Heavy drinking: the myth of alcoholism as a disease. Berkeley, California, USA: University of California Press; 1988.

Fingarette challenges the classical conception of alcoholism as a disease, instead characterizing it as a common syndrome arising from heterogeneous causes and requiring individualized treatment, often emphasizing behavioral rather than medical approaches. Most strikingly, Fingarette adduces evidence that alcoholics retain far more control of their drinking than is generally acknowledged. In controlled settings, surprisingly small penalties for drinking, or rewards for not drinking, were capable of reducing the drinking of alcoholics to moderate levels (pages 34–39).


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