(Cain and Gump 2011) John Ervin Kirkpatrick and the rulers of American colleges

Cain, Timothy Reese; Gump, Steven E. John Ervin Kirkpatrick and the rulers of American colleges. AAUP Journal of Academic Freedom. 2011; 2. Available from: http://www.academicfreedomjournal.org/VolumeTwo/CainGump.pdf. Accessed 2012 Jan 1. Archived by WebCite at http://www.webcitation.org/64NxI5q71.

Through a historical analysis of the stormy career of John Ervin Kirkpatrick, an academic freedom advocate in the early 20th century, Cain and Gump attempt to establish that academic freedom, tenure, and faculty governance of institutions of higher education are inextricably linked. They chronicle the involvement of the AFT, AAUP, and AAC in Kirkpatrick’s struggles with his nemesis, Washburn College president Parley Paul Womer. Kirkpatrick was eventually led to the belief that genuine academic freedom required the exclusion of external, nonresident boards of trustees from any role in governance. The faculty were to play the principal role in governance, with some participation by students, alumni, and lay leaders of the local community. A number of prominent advocates of academic freedom, including Arthur O. Lovejoy, John Dewey, and Alexander Meiklejohn, worked with or corresponded with Kirkpatrick about his plans, which were never fully implemented in a traditional university. Near the end of his life, Kirkpatrick had the chance to put his ideals into practice at the small Ashland College.


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Last revision: April 6, 2013